文章摘要
钟利民,李丽娟,杨京,梁彬,程建春,刘翔雄.HDP-HSMM的磨削声发射砂轮钝化状态识别*[J].,2019,38(2):151-158
HDP-HSMM的磨削声发射砂轮钝化状态识别*
The blunt state identification of acoustic emission for grinding wheel based on HDP-HSMM
投稿时间:2018-05-15  修订日期:2019-03-05
中文摘要:
      在高精度金属材料磨削加工中,刀具即砂轮的状态对加工效率和加工质量具有重要的影响。钝化程度较高的砂轮不适于加工精密工件,需提前预警并修整更换砂轮。本文提出一种通过磨削声发射信号来检测砂轮钝化 状态的方法。首先,对于采集到的信号进行小波软阈值降噪;然后,将其分割成多个有重叠的帧,并提取每帧信号的8个特征组成声发射数据集。然后通过分层Dirichlet过程 — 隐半马尔可夫模型(HDP-HSMM)来建立声发射数据集和不同的砂轮钝化状态之间的非线性关系, 旨在识别砂轮钝化状态。结果表明,上述检测方法能有效识别砂轮的不同钝化状态并能对整个加工过程中的砂轮钝化程度进行自动划分,其在测试数据集上的准确率达到93.7%,可以为实际工业应用提供理论指导。
英文摘要:
      In the grinding process, the different blunt state of the grinding wheel significantly affects the processing efficiency and quality. A seriously blunted grinding wheel would even lead to the occurrence of waste products. Therefore, attention has been aroused on how to monitor the blunt state of the grinding wheel in the grinding process. In this paper, an online monitoring method based on acoustic emission signal is proposed. Firstly, the signal collected by the acoustic emission sensor is de-noised by the wavelet soft threshold denoising method, following by the segmented analysis for dividing the denoised acoustic emission signal into multiple overlapping segments. In the second step, by setting a threshold voltage, the acoustic emission hits are intercepted for each frame of acoustic emission signal and 8 statistical features of each acoustic emission hit are extracted. The average value of 8 dimensional features of the acoustic emission hits in the frame is calculated to form the acoustic emission vector instead of the frame acoustic emission signal. In this way, the acoustic emission vectors of all frame acoustic emission signals are acquired to constitute the acoustic emission data set. Finally, the hierarchical Dirichlet processs - implicit semi Markov model is employed to build a nonlinear relationship between the acoustic emission data set and different grinding wheel blunt level. Good agreement is observed between the HDP-HSMM trained by the acoustic emission data set and our expectations, evidenced by the 93.7% accuracy of the trained model on the test data set. The results strongly prove that the method can effectively identify the different blunt state of grinding wheel accurately, which is of great value for industrial applications.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2019.02.001
中文关键词: 砂轮钝化,HDP-HSMM,磨削声发射,小波阈值降噪
英文关键词: The blunt state of grinding wheel, HDP-HSMM, Grinding acoustic emission, Wavelet soft threshold denoising
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目 (11374157)
作者单位E-mail
钟利民 南京大学 声学研究所 15996291945@163.com 
李丽娟 南京大学 声学研究所 li_1228088462@163.com 
杨京 南京大学 声学研究所 yangj@nju.edu.cn 
梁彬 南京大学 声学研究所 liangbin@nju.edu.cn 
程建春 南京大学 声学研究所 jccheng@nju.edu.cn 
刘翔雄 华辰精密装备(昆山)股份有限公司 liuxiangxiong@hiecise.com 
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