文章摘要
朱宏艺,申雨晨,沈勇.紧凑型双单元声系统的波束形成研究[J].,2020,39(2):169-188
紧凑型双单元声系统的波束形成研究
On the beamforming of a compact dual-speaker sound system
投稿时间:2019-05-14  修订日期:2020-02-25
中文摘要:
      紧凑型扬声器系统的空间感增强是目前便携式移动电声设备面临的一个重要难题。本文基于拓宽ASW(Apparent source width,视在声源宽度)以增强空间感的理念,进行了紧凑型扬声器系统的波束形成研究。本文基于圆柱形刚性障板的声学特性,利用两只扬声器单元设计了紧凑型双单元声系统,分别利用基于相位对齐的MMSE(Minimum Mean Squared Error,最小均方误差)算法实现左/右声道的波束形成和利用MMSE算法并设计半空间指向性的目标实现虚拟中央声道的波束形成。通过分析波束宽度和扬声器单元的工作状态验证了波束形成效果符合目标设计。考虑到实际使用情况,一方面,本文利用边界元方法仿真分析了有限长障板对扬声器单元指向性以及波束形成的影响,仿真结果表明有限长障板会使得单元整体的指向性变宽,该结果更有利于声系统实现目标;另一方面,本文基于有限元仿真的条件实际设计了双单元声系统,通过实验测量进一步验证了算法的性能。
英文摘要:
      Spatial impression enhancement of compact loudspeaker systems is an important problem faced by portable mobile electroacoustic equipment at present. Based on the idea of broadening the ASW (Apparent Source Width) to enhance the spatial impression, this paper studies the beamforming of a compact loudspeaker system. Based on the acoustic characteristics of the cylindrical rigid baffle, a compact dual-speaker sound system is designed by using two loudspeakers. The left/right channel beamforming is realized by using phase-aligned MMSE (Minimum Mean Squared Error) algorithm, and the phantom center channel beamforming is realized by using MMSE algorithm and designing a half-space directional target. By analyzing the beamwidth and the operating state of loudspeakers, it is verified that the beamforming effect is in accordance with the target design. Considering the actual application, this paper uses the boundary element method to simulate and analyze the influence of the finite-length baffle on the directivity of loudspeaker and beamforming. The simulation results demonstrate that the finite baffle can widen the directivity of the loudspeaker, which is more conducive to the realization of the target of the sound system. On the other hand, this paper further validates the performance of the algorithm by experimental measurements.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2020.02.002
中文关键词: 视在声源宽度,波束形成,紧凑型,边界元
英文关键词: Apparent source width, Beamforming, Compact, Boundary element method
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目
作者单位E-mail
朱宏艺 南京大学声学研究所 近代声学教育部重点实验室 南京 210093 zhysunlike@163.com 
申雨晨 南京大学声学研究所 近代声学教育部重点实验室 南京 210093 514638291@qq.com 
沈勇 南京大学声学研究所 近代声学教育部重点实验室 南京 210093 njuyshen@126.com 
摘要点击次数: 155
全文下载次数: 86
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭