文章摘要
张友文,黄福朋,李姜辉.近程高速水声毫米波通信仿真与试验验证*[J].,2019,38(4):516-524
近程高速水声毫米波通信仿真与试验验证*
Simulation analysis and experimental verification for near range underwater acoustic millimeter communication
投稿时间:2019-02-11  修订日期:2019-07-03
中文摘要:
      水声信道的严重双扩特性(即多途扩展和多普勒扩展)极大地限制了水声高速通信的稳健性,针对近程高速水声通信技术的需求,本文基于水声毫米波频段,提出了一种基于超奈奎斯特发射技术及高阶调制技术的单载波的水声毫米波通信技术,而超奈奎斯特发射技术以及高阶调制给接收机带来了极大的挑战:1)超奈奎斯特发射技术引入了严重的符号间干扰(ISI),2)高阶调制系统的符号检测对信道估计的精度要求很高;针对以上问题本文提出了一种基于迭代信道估计技术的迭代软反馈DFE接收机技术。仿真实验表明:采用128QAM高阶调制时,在较为严重的多途衰落信道条件下,采用所提出的接收机可以在15dB时实现无误码传输。信道水池试验证明:当通信带宽为300kHz,通信符号率为300k符号/秒且采用64QAM调制时,在发射平台慢速运动的条件下可以实现900kbps的净数据率,其相应的频谱利用率高达6比特/秒/Hz。
英文摘要:
      The performance of high-speed underwater acoustic (UWA) communications is greatly limited by the severe doubly-spread characteristics of the underwater acoustic channel. For the demand of short-range high-speed underwater acoustic communication technology, in this paper, a UWA millimeter wave (mmWave) communication receiver is proposed for single carrier (SC) UWA communication. The proposed SC UWA mmWave communication is based on the super-Nyquist transmission technology and high-order modulation technology. The super-Nyquist transmission technology and high-order modulation bring great challenges to the receiver as follows: 1) Super-Nyquist transmission technology introduces severe inter-symbol interference (ISI), 2) Symbol detection of high-order modulation systems requires high accuracy of channel estimation. In order to address the above problems, iterative channel estimation is proposed for soft feedback based DFE. Simulation results show that the proposed receiver can achieve an error-free transmission at 15dB under the condition of more serious multi-path fading channel when 128QAM high-order modulation is adopted. The pool test also demonstrates that the net data rate of 900kbps can be achieved under the condition of slow motion of the transmitting platform when the communication bandwidth is 300kHz, the communication symbol rate is 300k symbols/second for 64QAM modulation, and the corresponding spectrum utilization rate is up to 6 Bits/second/Hz.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2019.04.007
中文关键词: 水声毫米波通信,信道估计,信道均衡,迭代接收机,预编码
英文关键词: Underwater  acoustic millimeter  communication, Channel  estimation, Channel  equalization, Iterative  receiver
基金项目:(61471138)
作者单位E-mail
张友文 哈尔滨工程大学 水声技术重点实验室 zhangyouwen@hrbeu.edu.cn 
黄福朋 哈尔滨工程大学 水声工程学院
哈尔滨工程大学 水声工程学院 
huangfupeng@126.com 
李姜辉 南安普顿大学 声与震动研究所南安普顿 SO17 1BJ英国 J.Li@soton.ac.uk 
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