文章摘要
唐昭,张学飞,王瑞乾.复式降噪块地铁车轮减振降噪特性[J].,2020,39(5):709-715
复式降噪块地铁车轮减振降噪特性
The characteristics of vibration and noise reduction of metro wheel with multiple noise reduction block
投稿时间:2020-01-04  修订日期:2020-08-29
中文摘要:
      为探究一种复式降噪块装置及其组合形式对某S型辐板地铁车轮的减振降噪效果和机理,在半消声室内,分别对1种自由状态下的标准车轮和3种形式的复式降噪块车轮开展振动声辐射特性及阻尼特性试验,并通过有限元建模对其进行了模态计算。结果表明:复式降噪块装置可在全频段内提高车轮阻尼比,并对车轮各部位有良好的减振效果,以轮辋和踏面的减振效果最为显著;其中,6个制振阻尼片形式的降噪块对车轮的降噪效果最显著,径向激励下的降噪量为13.1dB(A),轴向激励下的降噪量为11.1dB(A),降噪频段主要集中在1000Hz以上中高频。该文研究结果是对列车降噪研究领域的补充和发展。
英文摘要:
      In order to explore the effect and mechanism of vibration and noise reduction of a kind of compound noise reduction block device and its combination on a S-shaped spoke Metro wheel in the semi anechoic chamber, the vibration and sound radiation characteristics, together with damping characteristics, of a standard wheel which is in a free state and three kinds of wheels which are equipped with compound noise reduction block are tested respectively. The modal calculation is carried out by finite element model. The results show that, the compound noise reduction block device can increase the wheel damping ratio in the whole frequency band and it has good damping effect on all parts of the wheel, especially on the rim and tread. Among them, the noise reduction block in the form of six damping plates has the most significant noise reduction effect on wheels. The noise reduction under radial excitation is 13.1 dB(A), and that under axial excitation is 11.1 dB(A). The noise reduction frequency band is mainly concentrated in the medium and high frequency above 1000Hz. The result of this paper is a supplement and development to the field of noise reduction research on rail transit.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2020.05.008
中文关键词: 地铁车轮  复式降噪块  减振降噪  有限元分析
英文关键词: Metro wheel  Multiple noise reduction block  Vibration and noise reduction  Finite element analysis
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
唐昭 常州大学机械工程学院 1939087735@qq.com 
张学飞 常州大学机械工程学院 zxfzxf1989@sina.com 
王瑞乾 常州大学机械工程学院 ruiquanwang@163.com 
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