文章摘要
季怡萍,田昊洋,高凯,周谷亮,王枭,任茂鑫.基于压缩感知估计的GIS击穿放电定位方法研究*[J].,2022,41(3):388-396
基于压缩感知估计的GIS击穿放电定位方法研究*
Research on GIS breakdown discharge location method based on compressed sensing estimation
投稿时间:2021-05-17  修订日期:2022-05-03
中文摘要:
      经典的空间谱估计方法,如MUSIC方法,对噪声敏感,难以在低信噪比环境中有效地进行波达方向估计。为提升在复杂电力环境中的GIS击穿定位能力,本文提出了一种基于优化压缩感知技术的空间谱估计方法CSP-DOA。该方法对传声器阵列接收到的数据进行建模,形成多测量矢量模型,结合压缩感知中稀疏重构技术进行波达方向估计;同时,该方法还采用了极化内插技术解决了稀疏重构中的费网格问题,进一步提升了波达方向估计精度及计算效率。通过数值模拟对算法的定位效果进行了分析,仿真结果表明CSP-DOA方法对于击穿信号有更好的定位效果。结合可见光图像匹配实现了GIS击穿信源的二维可视化定位,在某高压大厅的GIS模型上进行耐压击穿定位试验研究,试验结果进一步验证了本文方法可较好的应用于GIS的击穿定位。
英文摘要:
      Classical spatial spectrum estimation methods, such as music, are sensitive to noise and difficult to estimate DOA effectively in low SNR environment. In order to improve the ability of GIS breakdown location in complex power environment, this paper proposes a spatial spectrum estimation method csp-doa based on optimized compressed sensing technology. In this method, the data received by the microphone array is modeled to form a multi measurement vector model, and the direction of arrival (DOA) is estimated by combining sparse reconstruction technology in compressed sensing; At the same time, polarization interpolation technology is used to solve the problem of sparsity grid in sparse reconstruction, which further improves the accuracy and efficiency of DOA estimation. The simulation results show that csp-doa method has better positioning effect for breakdown signal. Combined with the visible light image matching, the two-dimensional visual location of GIS breakdown source is realized. The experimental research on breakdown location is carried out on the GIS model of a high voltage hall. The experimental results further verify that the method can be better applied to the breakdown location of GIS.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2022.03.008
中文关键词: 声学检测  击穿定位  波达方向估计  GIS设备  压缩感知
英文关键词: Acoustic detection  Positioning of breakdown  DOA estimation  Gas Insulated Switchgear  Compressive sensing
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
季怡萍 国网上海市电力公司上海电科院 595325832@qq.com 
田昊洋 国网上海市电力公司上海电科院 1515439909@qq.com 
高凯 国网上海市电力公司上海电科院 1515439909@qq.com 
周谷亮 国网上海市电力公司 1515439909@qq.com 
王枭 上海睿深电子科技有限公司 1515439909@qq.com 
任茂鑫 国网上海市电力公司上海电科院 1515439909@qq.com 
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