文章摘要
徐洁,李晖,周又玲,王萍,李千,薛刘荀,石崇岳,王厚.水声工程中基于均匀圆阵列的涡旋声波性能分析*[J].,2022,41(3):471-480
水声工程中基于均匀圆阵列的涡旋声波性能分析*
Performance analysis of vortex acoustic wave based on uniform circular array in underwater acoustic engineering
投稿时间:2021-05-18  修订日期:2022-05-06
中文摘要:
      声波作为信息和能量的载体,一直以来在水下通信中被广泛采用,但尚未解决带宽窄、速率低的问题。在光学领域和电磁波领域,轨道角动量都表征了螺旋相位结构的自然属性;通过引入轨道角动量到声学领域中,水声通信系统的传输能力以及频谱效率都得到扩展。基于换能器圆阵列产生涡旋声波进行分析和检测,研究涡旋声波波束的阵列产生方法,给出涡旋声波波束在水下传播的特性。在主轴方向、采用均匀圆阵列产生不同拓扑模式的涡旋声波波束,确定轨道角动量拓扑模式与换能器阵列之间的对应关系;为生成不同拓扑模式下的涡旋声波,研究阵列单元数目、阵列半径、传输频率等对涡旋声波的影响。
英文摘要:
      As a carrier for information and energy, acoustic waves have been applied in underwater communication widely, however the narrow band and low transmission speed are the main problems. Whether in the field of optics or electromagnetic waves, the orbital angular momentum (OAM) represents the natural properties of the spiral phase structure. By introducing the OAM into the acoustics field, the transmission capacity and spectrum efficiency of the underwater acoustic communication system can be expanded. Based on the analysis and detection of the vortex acoustic wave generated by the circular array of transducers, we studied the array generation method of the spiral acoustic beam, and gave the characteristics of the vortex acoustic beam when propagating under the water. In the direction of the main axis, the uniform circular array was used to generate different topological acoustic vortex. To determine the relationship between the OAM topology mode and the transducer array, the spiral acoustic waves in different topology modes were generated, and the number of array elements, array radius, transmission frequency, etc. were investigated to give the effects on OAM acoustic vortex.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2022.03.018
中文关键词: 水声工程  声波涡旋  换能器阵列  轨道角动量  波束角
英文关键词: hydroacoustic engineering  acoustic vortex  transducer array  orbital angular momentum  beam angle
基金项目:国家自然科学基金地区基金项目(61661018)、海南省自然科学基金高层次人才项目(2019RC036)、海南省自然科学基金面上项目(619MS029、620MS020)和海南省高等学校科学研究项目(Hnky2019-8)
作者单位E-mail
徐洁 海南大学信息与通信工程学院 1005209771@qq.com 
李晖 南京信息工程大学滨江学院 hitlihui1112@163.com 
周又玲 海南大学信息与通信工程学院 zhouyl@hainanu.edu.cn 
王萍 海南大学信息与通信工程学院 bobyhd@163.com 
李千 海南大学信息与通信工程学院 3271527041@qq.com 
薛刘荀 海南大学信息与通信工程学院 327139390@qq.com 
石崇岳 海南大学信息与通信工程学院 460493676@qq.com 
王厚 海南大学信息与通信工程学院 1749028868@qq.com 
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