文章摘要
刘磊,李宇,张春华,黄海宁.水声通信网竞争式介质访问控制协议的研究[J].,2014,33(3):202-208
水声通信网竞争式介质访问控制协议的研究
Research on contention-based MAC protocols for underwater acoustic networks
投稿时间:2013-07-02  修订日期:2014-04-28
中文摘要:
      水声通信网MAC协议决定了节点共享水声信道资源的方式,它直接影响到水声信道的利用率和网络的整体性能。本文简要介绍了Aloha、MACA-U和UW-CSMA/CA三种竞争式MAC协议的基本原理,并基于NS2仿真平台,在集中式单跳网络和分布式多跳网络两种拓扑结构中对Aloha、MACA-U和UW-CS/MACA三种竞争式MAC协议的吞吐量、平均端对端时延、冲突率和协议开销等性能进行对比,并分析数据包长度对三种协议性能的影响,为实用MAC协议的设计提供了有效的参考数据和策略。
英文摘要:
      Media access control (MAC) protocol in underwater acoustic networks decides the way that nodes share the underwater acoustic channel’s resource. It affects the utilization ratio of the underwater acoustic channel. In this paper, the basic principle of three contention-based MAC protocols such as Additive Link On-line Hawaii system (Aloha), Multiple Access Collision Avoidance for Underwater (MACA-U), and Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection-based MAC Protocol for Underwater (UW-CSMA/CA) is briefly introduced. The throughput, the collision ratio, the average delay and the protocol expense of three contention-based MAC protocols is simulated in both centralized single-hop network and distributed multi-hop network based on NS2. The performance of three MAC protocols affected by data packet size is also analyzed. The simulation results provide effective reference data and strategy for practical design of MAC protocols.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2014.03.003
中文关键词: 水声通信网,Aloha协议,MACA-U协议,MACAW协议
英文关键词: Underwater acoustic networks, Aloha protocol, MACA-U protocol, MACAW protocol
基金项目:国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划);国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
刘磊 中国科学院声学研究所 北京 100190 liulei_ioa@163.com 
李宇 中国科学院声学研究所 北京 100190  
张春华 中国科学院声学研究所 北京 100190  
黄海宁 中国科学院声学研究所 北京 100190  
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