文章摘要
王文博,黄勇,李淑秋.水平不变浅海环境随机扰动对声传播的影响[J].,2015,34(1):90-94
水平不变浅海环境随机扰动对声传播的影响
Effects of random environmental disturbance on sound propagation in range-independent waveguide in shallow water
投稿时间:2013-09-12  修订日期:2015-01-03
中文摘要:
      本文主要讨论浅海水平不变波导中的低频声传播问题,为环境适配声纳设计奠定基础。通过仿真分析了海水及海底环境参数对传播损失的影响,根据仿真及实验结果,建立了声速剖面随机扰动及海面、海底起伏条件下的声强分布概率模型,并利用模型中的形状参数α和尺度参数β,提出了局部蒙特卡洛模拟加曲线拟合的声场敏感性分析方法。仿真及实验结果表明声场传播损失服从伽马分布,良好水文条件下10公里距离的声场能量起伏也达到10 dB,随着距离增加,声场敏感性增加。本文所提出方法通过对近场声场的测量和统计实现对远场声场敏感性的预报,与全声场蒙特卡洛模拟相比计算量减小一个数量级。
英文摘要:
      Low-frequency sound propagation through range-independent waveguide in shallow water, which lays the foundation for environment adapted sonar design, was discussed in the present work. Impacts of environmental parameters (i.e. seawater and seabed quality) on transmission loss were analyzed through simulation. The intensity distribution probability model in conditions of random sound-speed perturbations, rough sea surface and bottom was established according to simulation and experimental results. Using shape parameter α and scale parameter β in model, a sensitivity analysis method by local Monte Carlo simulation plus curve fitting was proposed. Experimental measurements and simulation results suggested that transmission loss obeys the gamma distribution. Energy fluctuation reaches the level of 10 dB at the distance of 10 kilometer even for favorable hydrological conditions, and the acoustic field sensitivity increases as distance increases. The proposed method forecasts far-field sensitivity by near-field measurements and statistics, its calculation complexity is an order of magnitude less than that of global Monte Carlo simulation.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2015.01.014
中文关键词: 传播损失,声场敏感性,形状参数,尺度参数
英文关键词: Transmission  loss,Acoustic  environmental sensitivity,shape  parameter,scale  parameter
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(10904160)
作者单位E-mail
王文博 中国科学院声学研究所 北京中国科学院大学 北京 wangwenbo09@mails.ucas.ac.cn 
黄勇 中国科学院声学研究所 北京 y_huang@mail.ioa.ac.cn 
李淑秋 中国科学院声学研究所 北京 lsq@mail.ioa.ac.cn 
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