文章摘要
张东旭,刘大平,康健.汉传佛教寺院声环境安静度评价及其影响因素研究*[J].,2014,33(3):216-227
汉传佛教寺院声环境安静度评价及其影响因素研究*
Evaluation of quietness and its influential factors in Chinese Buddhist temples
投稿时间:2013-10-08  修订日期:2014-05-04
中文摘要:
      本文通过在4个汉传佛教寺院的调查和分析,对寺院声环境安静度评价及其主客观影响因素进行研究。首先实地测量各寺院的总体声环境,并针对寺院声环境及安静度评价的各个因素,在寺院内发放调查问卷。研究结果表明4个寺院全天平均声级差别不大,被调查者普遍喜欢自然声,70%的人对寺院声环境总体评价为安静或比较安静。客观因素中实测A声级和不同寺院环境同声安静度评价显著相关,当寺院的声级超过61dBA时大部分人会有造成吵闹的感觉,且声级和安静度评价的相关性大幅提高。被调查者特征中年龄、职业、教育程度、信仰因素同其对寺院内声安静度评价显著相关,性别和来寺院的次数对声安静度评价没有显著相关。
英文摘要:
      The aim of this paper is to examine how objective factors and respondents" social characteristics influence the subjective evaluation of quietness in Chinese Buddhist temples. Sound environment measurements have been carried out and the subjective survey has been undertaken. The results show that the sound environments in the four studied temples are similar, and the respondents preferred natural sounds, and 70% of them evaluated temples’ sound environment as quiet or comparatively quiet. The objective factors including the measured sound level and type of temples have significant correlations with the evaluation of quietness. When the sound level is higher than 61dBA, the respondents more likely report noisy and the correlation coefficient between noisiness and sound level would greatly increase. There are significant correlations between the evaluation of quietness and respondents’ social characteristics including age, occupation, education level and religious belief. The effect of gender and frequency of visiting temple on the evaluation of quietness is statistically insignificant.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2014.03.005
中文关键词: 汉传佛教. 寺院. 声环境. 安静度评价. 被调查者特征
英文关键词: Chinese Buddhism,temple sound environment,quietness, visitors social characteristics
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51378139),国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目(2013BAJ12B02)和哈尔滨市科技创新人才研究专项资金项目(2012RFXXS046)
作者单位E-mail
张东旭 1哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院 哈尔滨 2东北大学江河建筑学院 沈阳 dongxu75@163.com 
刘大平 哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院 哈尔滨 ldp_abc@sina.com 
康健 1谢菲尔德大学建筑学院 英国 S10 2TN 2哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院 哈尔滨 j.kang@sheffield.ac.uk 
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