文章摘要
詹沛,白国锋,牛军川,隋富生.含空气层与多孔材料的复合结构隔声特性研究[J].,2014,33(5):426-432
含空气层与多孔材料的复合结构隔声特性研究
Research on sound insulation of composite structure with air layer and porous elastic material
投稿时间:2013-10-30  修订日期:2014-08-31
中文摘要:
      基于高速列车减振降噪需求,本文应用Biot提出的多孔弹性介质声传播理论,采用传递矩阵法理论推导了典型分层结构的隔声量计算公式,给出了空气层与多孔材料对分层复合结构隔声特性的影响。将传递矩阵与遗传算法相结合,对特定频率下的复合结构隔声特性进行了优化。研究结果表明:空气层和多孔材料有助于分层复合结构隔声量的提高,特别是空气层对低频隔声有很好的促进作用,另外空气层与多孔材料的分配情况也影响着隔声效果。含有空气层的复合结构在提高隔声量的同时降低了结构的总体重量,实现了隔声材料的轻量化设计目标,很好地优化了高铁车厢内的声学环境。
英文摘要:
      Based on the noise reduction requirement of high-speed train, the Biot theory of sound propagation in elastic porous medium and the method of transfer matrix are used to derive the transmission loss of typical layered-structure which contains air layer and porous material. The sound insulation property of composite structure had been optimized under the specific frequencies by numerical calculation with genetic algorithm and transfer matrix. The results indicate that the air layer and porous materials can improve the sound insulation property of composite structure, especially the air layer which plays an important role on the sound insulation of low frequency part. In addition, the distribution of the air layer and porous materials also has an important impact on the sound insulation property. The composite structure which contains air layer has an advantage on the reduction of mass and it achieves the goal of lightening design. The acoustic environment of high-speed train has been optimized well.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2014.05.008
中文关键词: 传递损失,高速列车,遗传算法,多孔材料,空气层
英文关键词: Sound transmission loss  High-speed train  Genetic algorithm  Porous material  Air
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划);国家863计划(2011AA11A103)
作者单位E-mail
詹沛 山东大学机械工程学院 zphzau@yeah.net 
白国锋 中国科学院声学研究所 bgf@mail.ioa.ac.cn 13717509789@189.com 
牛军川 山东大学机械工程学院 niujc@sdu.edu.cn 
隋富生 中国科学院声学研究所 sui@mail.ioa.ac.cn 
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