文章摘要
丁真真,赵剑强,陈莹,胡博.公路交通噪声频率特征及等效频率研究[J].,2015,34(1):40-44
公路交通噪声频率特征及等效频率研究
Study on the frequency characteristics and equivalent frequencies of highway traffic noise
投稿时间:2014-02-07  修订日期:2014-12-25
中文摘要:
      为了确定不同车型在不同行车速度下的噪声频率分布特性及等效频率值,更加准确的对交通噪声的影响进行评估,本文对单车稳态辐射噪声的频率特性进行了现场测定,并对不同类型车辆的频率特性数据进行了分析。结果表明,不同类型车辆车速与频带声压级之间的相关性随频带中心频率的变化而变化。FHWA模型对公路交通噪声中介于500 Hz~2000Hz频段的噪声有较好的预测效果,而对低于500 Hz和高于2000Hz的交通噪声的预测精度较差。车辆类型不同,车辆产生噪声的中心频率、声能量集中分布的频率范围以及等效频率均不相同。
英文摘要:
      In order to determine the spectrum characteristics of traffic noise and its equivalent values at different vehicle types and speeds, and to evaluate the effects of traffic noise more accurately, the frequency characteristic of the steady acoustic noise produced by a single vehicle was monitored and analyzed in this study. It was found that the correlation between the vehicle speed and the band sound pressure level varies with the band center frequency. FHWA model have good prediction results for the highway traffic noise distributed in the range of 500 Hz ~ 2000 Hz; while for the noise with major frequency less than 500 Hz or above 2000 Hz, its prediction accuracy is relatively low. Meanwhile, the center frequency, major energy distribution range, and the equivalent frequency also vary notably with the vehicle type.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2015.01.006
中文关键词: 交通噪声,频率特征,等效频率
英文关键词: traffic  noise, frequency  characteristics, equivalent  frequency
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目
作者单位E-mail
丁真真 长安大学环境科学与工程学院 西安 18818748@qq.com 
赵剑强 长安大学环境科学与工程学院 西安 626710287@qq.com 
陈莹 长安大学  
胡博 长安大学  
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