文章摘要
吴晓潭,黄勇,高善国,张春华.基于双水听器的目标深度辨识[J].,2016,35(2):179-188
基于双水听器的目标深度辨识
Source depth discrimination based on double hydrophones
投稿时间:2015-06-15  修订日期:2016-02-29
中文摘要:
      随着水下目标越来越安静,探测并区分水下目标变得越来越困难,现在对目标的深度辨识多采用匹配场的方法,但其需要大量的先验知识,由于海洋情况多变复杂,这种方法并不适合进行工程实践。本文旨在探索出一种适用于浅海波导的深度辨识方法,并减轻工程实践的复杂度。此方法基于Pekeris波导模型,应用了数值仿真技术对垂直双矢量水听器声压振速互谱的有功分量进行了分析,发现当声源深度变化时互谱有功分量符号随之变化,这个变化规律可以用于深度辨识。本文总结了简正波阶数以及水听器深度变化对深度辨识结果的影响。通过实验验证,此方法可以较好的对浅海目标进行深度辨识,方法较为可靠,有一定的应用前景。
英文摘要:
      As underwater target become more and more quiet, detecting and distinguishing underwater targets become more and more difficult. Nowadays we often use matched field processing to estimate the depth of target, but matched field processing needs a great deal of prior knowledge. Since the complexity of ocean environment, matched field processing is not suitable for engineering practice. This paper aims to realize a method which can discriminate the depth of shallow water target, and reduce the complexity of the engineering practice. This method is based on Pekeris waveguide model, and use the numerical simulation technology to analyze the active component of double acoustic vertical pressure cross-spectrum. The sign of active component change along with the depth of sound source. This can be used to discriminate target depth. This paper has summarized how the normal mode number and hydrophone depth influence the target depth discrimination. Through lake experiment, this method is excellent for shallow water target depth discrimination. The method is reliable, and has the certain application prospect.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2016.02.013
中文关键词: Pekeris波导,矢量水听器,深度辨识,声压振速互谱
英文关键词: Pekeris waveguide, Double hydrophones, Source depth discrimination, Pressure cross-spectrum
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
吴晓潭 中国科学院声学研究所 北京 #$NL wuxiaotan@126.com 
黄勇 中国科学院声学研究所 北京 #$NL y_huang@mail.ioa.ac.cn 
高善国 中国科学院声学研究所 北京 #$NL sggao@mail.ioa.ac.cn 
张春华 中国科学院声学研究所 北京 #$NL zch@mail.ioa.ac.cn 
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