文章摘要
洪昕晨,张薇,朱里莹,兰思仁.城市公园声景观危险度评价研究[J].,2016,35(6):539-546
城市公园声景观危险度评价研究
Soundscape risk degree evaluation in urban park
投稿时间:2016-04-17  修订日期:2016-10-22
中文摘要:
      针对城市公园声景观易受周围环境影响而损耗其景观价值这一问题,应用模糊层次分析法,通过自然、生活和机械3个准则层因素和17个指标层因素构建城市公园声景观危险度评价体系,以福州市闽江公园为例,研究城市公园声景观受负面影响因子损耗的可能性大小。结果表明,闽江公园声景观危险度总体评价结果为中度危险III。指标层中,隶属极度危险V的指标为修建施工声;隶属重度危险IV的为电闪雷鸣声;隶属中度危险III的有:清洁机器声、大雨瓢泼声、车辆交通声、说话嬉戏声、狂风呼啸声、猫叫犬吠声、鞭炮烟花声、跳舞音响声和练嗓唱歌声;其余指标危险度均低于中度危险III。评价结果符合实际,为今后城市公园声景观危险度研究提供了有效方法。
英文摘要:
      To solve the problem that the urban park soundscape can be easily affected by the surrounding environment and lose its landscape value, evaluation system of soundscape risk degree in urban park with 3 criteria layer factors namely natural factors, living factors and mechanical factors, and 17 indicators layer factors are constructed by using fuzzy analytic hierarchy process. Set Minjiang River Park in Fuzhou as an example, the possibility of urban park soundscape loss affected by negative factors is analyzed. The results show that the overall soundscape risk degree assessment of Minjiang Park is moderate risk III. In the index layer, extremely risk V index is construction sound, severe risk IV index is lightning flashes and thunder rumbles sound, moderate risk III indexes are cleaning machines sound, rain pouring sound, traffic sound, talking and playing sound, wind howling sound, cat cries and dog barks sound, fireworks and firecrackers sound, dancing audio and singing practice sound, the other indexes are below moderate risk III. The evaluation results are consistent with the practice, which provide an effective method for further studies of urban park soundscape risk.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2016.06.010
中文关键词: 声景观危险度,城市公园,模糊层次分析法(F-AHP法)
英文关键词: Soundscape  risk degree, urban  park, Fuzzy  analytic hierarchy  process
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2014BAD15B00);福建省教育厅科技项目(JA15168)
作者单位E-mail
洪昕晨 福建农林大学园林学院 福州 350002 hongxc92@qq.com 
张薇 福建农林大学园林学院 福州 350002 104111788@qq.com 
朱里莹 福建农林大学园林学院 福州 350002 104111788@qq.com 
兰思仁 福建农林大学园林学院 福州 350002 104111788@qq.com 
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