文章摘要
叶钊,潘海波,沈水发,陈天明.超声场中sol-gel法制备纳米TiO2光催化剂的研究[J].,2003,22(4):16-20
超声场中sol-gel法制备纳米TiO2光催化剂的研究
Preparation of nanometer titanium dioxide by the sol-gel method in anultrasonic field
  
中文摘要:
      本文在频率分别为20kHz、30kHz、40kHz(电功率均为500W)的超声场中制备溶胶。用光散射法测得溶胶粒子粒径分别为29.4nm、18.3nm、13.2nm;对无超声场和超声场(40kHz)制备的凝胶进行超临界乙醇干燥。用XRD、BET、TEM、DRS对上述干燥的TiO2粒子进行表征,以光催化降解罗丹明B为模型反应。结果表明,在实验范围内溶胶粒径随超声波频率的升高而减小,加超声场制备的纳米TiO2粒子光催化活性比无超声场下制备的粒子高。
英文摘要:
      Titanium dioxide sol is prepared by the sol-gel method with respectively 20kHz, 30kHz, 40kHz (500W electric power) ultrasonic field. The diameters of the sol particles, detected by light dispersion are 29.4nm, 18.3nm, 13.2nm respectively. The gel obtained in the 40kHz ultrasonic field and in no-ultrasonic field (nature state) is dried by supercritical ethanol. The dried titanium dioxide particles are then charactered by XRD, BET, TEM, DRS. Degradation of rhodamine B by photocatalysis is regarded as model reaction. Experimental result displays that the diameter of the sol particle reduces with the increasing frequency of ultrasound and that the photocatalystic activity of nanosized titanium dioxide particle prepared in ultrasonic field is superior to that of the particle prepared without any ultrasonic field.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2003.04.004
中文关键词: Sol-gel法  纳米TiO2  超声波  超临界干燥  光催化降解
英文关键词: Sol-gel method  Nanometer titanium  Ultrasonic  Supercritical drying  Degradation by photocatalysis
基金项目:福建省自然科学基金(E0010010)
作者单位
叶钊 福州大学化学化工学院 福州 350002 
潘海波 福州大学化学化工学院 福州 350002 
沈水发 福州大学化学化工学院 福州 350002 
陈天明 福州大学化学化工学院 福州 350002 
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