文章摘要
蒋忠进,邱小军,崔铁军.基于声线跟踪法对闭空间声场预测的接收球半径计算[J].,2008,27(6):454-461
基于声线跟踪法对闭空间声场预测的接收球半径计算
Compution of the receiving radius in an enclosure in sound field prediction based on ray-tracing method
  
中文摘要:
      接收球半径是采用声线跟踪法进行声场预测的一个重要参数。以前所用到的接收球半径一般是通过经验估计得到的,缺乏详细的理论分析。本文从声波传播机理角度分析了根据声线密度来确定接收球半径的原因,并推导了矩形闭空间中声线密度和接收球半径的计算方法。声线密度可以通过原始声线数目,声场空间体积与形状,边界吸声系数来确定。在一给定闭空间里,声线密度可看作是均匀分布的,所以接收球半径与空间位置无关,可看作是一个常数。但对不同的声场空间来说,由于空间体积、形状和吸声系数的变化,声线密度是不同的,因此接收球半径也会不同。声线密度越大,接收球半径越小;声线密度越小,接收球半径越大。实验表明,所提出的接收球模型能用来较准确地预测闭空间里的声压级和混响时间等声学参数。
英文摘要:
      The receiving radius is an important parameter in ray-tracing sound prediction, whose value has often been estimated in empirical ways due to the lack of theoretical basis. This paper analyzes the reason that the receiving radius is determined by the sound ray density,and derives a formula for calculating the radius of the receiving sphere in rectan- gular enclosures.The sound ray density can be determined by the initial sound ray number, the volume and shape of the sound field,and the absorption coefficient of the boundaries. In an established enclosed sound field,the sound ray can be regarded as being distributed evenly,so that the receiving radius does not vary with the receiving position and is a con- stant.However,for different sound fields,because of the difference in the space volume, shape and absorption coefficient,the receiving radius are different.The greater is the sound ray density,the less is the receiving radius;the less is the sound ray density,the greater is the receiving radius.Experimental results validate that our proposed method for calculating the receiving radius can be used to predict some acoustical indexes such as the sound pressure level and the reverberation time in an enclosure.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2008.06.009
中文关键词: 声线跟踪  声线密度  接收球半径  闭空间
英文关键词: Ray-tracing method  Sound ray density  Receiving radius  Enclosure
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(10674068,60671015);中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2004036414);江苏省博士后科研资助计划项目。
作者单位
蒋忠进 东南大学毫米波国家重点实验室,南京,210096 
邱小军 近代声学教育部重点实验室,南京大学声学研究所,南京,210093 
崔铁军 东南大学毫米波国家重点实验室,南京,210096 
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