文章摘要
朱少豪,汪勇,杨益新.质点振速传感器直线阵超指向性波束形成*[J].,2019,38(4):596-604
质点振速传感器直线阵超指向性波束形成*
Superdirective beamforming of line arrays using particle velocity sensors
投稿时间:2019-01-31  修订日期:2019-07-03
中文摘要:
      声矢量传感器及其组阵方式的研究已成为水声领域的热门课题。该文研究了当单自由度矢量传感器(质点振速传感器)的观测方向沿直线阵轴线方向时的空间均匀噪声场中两阵元的噪声相关系数,然后采用Gram-Schmidt模态波束分解与综合方法推导了高阶超指向性的最优解,得到了直线阵端射方向的指向性指数和稳健性水平。仿真研究表明,当d / λ < 0.5 (d为阵元间距,λ为波长)时,质点振速传感器直线阵(简称质点振速阵)采用超指向性方法在端射方向的指向性指数略高于声压传感器直线阵(简称声压阵);而当d / λ > 0.5时,质点振速阵的指向性指数远远高于声压阵。该文的研究内容对水下声纳系统中质点振速传感器的有效组阵和实际应用具有一定的参考价值。
英文摘要:
      Research on acoustic vector sensors and their arrays has become a hot topic in the field of underwater acoustic engineering. In this paper, the noise correlation coefficients between the array elements in a spatially isotropic noise field are studied when the desired observation direction of the one-degree-of-freedom vector sensor (particle velocity sensor) is along the direction of the line array axis, and the optimal solutions of high-order super-directivity based on the Gram-Schmidt mode-beam decomposition and synthesis are introduced. Then the directivity index and robustness in the end-fire direction are derived. Simulation results show that the directivity index of the particle velocity sensor array is slightly higher than that of the acoustic pressure sensor array in the end-fire direction when d / λ < 0.5 (d is the spacing of two adjacent elements, λ is the wavelength); when d / λ > 0.5, the directivity index of the particle velocity array is much higher than that of the acoustic pressure sensor array. The research content of this paper provides a reference on how to effectively form a particle velocity sensor array in underwater sonar systems.
DOI:10.11684/j.issn.1000-310X.2019.04.017
中文关键词: 质点振速传感器,声矢量传感器,直线阵,超指向性波束形成
英文关键词: Particle velocity sensor, Acoustic vector sensor, Line array, Superdirective beamforming
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC1400200)、国家自然科学基金项目(11604259)、中国科协第四届青年人才托举工程项目(2018QNRC001)
作者单位E-mail
朱少豪 西北工业大学航海学院 西安 710072 zsh29511@mail.nwpu.edu.cn 
汪勇 西北工业大学航海学院 西安 710072 yongwang@nwpu.edu.cn 
杨益新 西北工业大学航海学院 西安 710072 yxyang@nwpu.edu.cn 
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